FREEDOM OR ANARCHY,Campaign of Conscience.

Joseph F Barber | Create Your Badge
This blog does not promote, support, condone, encourage, advocate, nor in any way endorse any racist (or "racialist") ideologies, nor any armed and/or violent revolutionary, seditionist and/or terrorist activities. Any racial separatist or militant groups listed here are solely for reference and Opinions of multiple authors including Freedom or Anarchy Campaign of conscience.

To be GOVERNED

Not For Profit - For Global Justice and The Fight to End Violence & Hunger world wide - Since 1999
"Liberty cannot be preserved without a general knowledge among the people" - John Adams - Second President - 1797 - 1801

This is the callout,This is the call to the Patriots,To stand up for all the ones who’ve been thrown away,This is the call to the all citizens ,Stand up!
Stand up and protect those who can not protect themselves our veterans ,the homeless & the forgotten take back our world today


To protect our independence, We take no government funds
Become A Supporting member of humanity to help end hunger and violence in our country,You have a right to live. You have a right to be. You have these rights regardless of money, health, social status, or class. You have these rights, man, woman, or child. These rights can never be taken away from you, they can only be infringed. When someone violates your rights, remember, it is not your fault.,


DISCOVER THE WORLD

Facebook Badge

FREEDOM OR ANARCHY,Campaign of Conscience

↑ Grab this Headline Animator

The Free Thought Project,The Daily Sheeple & FREEDOM OR ANARCHY Campaign of Conscience are dedicated to holding those who claim authority over our lives accountable. “Each of us has a unique part to play in the healing of the world.”
“Every record has been destroyed or falsified, every book rewritten, every picture has been repainted, every statue and street building has been renamed, every date has been altered. And the process is continuing day by day and minute by minute. History has stopped. Nothing exists except an endless present in which the Party is always right.” - George Orwell, 1984

"Until the philosophy which holds one race superior and another inferior is finally and permanently discredited and abandoned, everywhere is war and until there are no longer first-class and second-class citizens of any nation, until the color of a man's skin is of no more significance than the color of his eyes. And until the basic human rights are equally guaranteed to all without regard to race, there is war. And until that day, the dream of lasting peace, world citizenship, rule of international morality, will remain but a fleeting illusion to be pursued, but never attained... now everywhere is war." - - Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia - Popularized by Bob Marley in the song War

Tuesday, April 17, 2018

Defining “Censorship.”

Defining “Censorship.” 


Zachary Sniderman on Mashable published an interesting article titled, Just How Open Is Your Internet?. I thought the featured map looked a little bit fishy – Mongolia has less internet censorship than Sweden? Really? What does that mean? It seemed to me that there might be something missing from the account. To his credit Mr Sniderman does note
…it raises some inherent problems with defining “censorship.” For example, screening out child pornography and illegal file sharing technically registers as “censorship” even though most people wouldn’t consider that a human rights offense.
Even accounting for his concerns it still looked a bit odd to me.
ONI Who is censoring the internet
So I looked up the source of the data. The map is based on an analysis published by the Open Net Initiative and is based on data from a Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF) survey. I’ve been following RSF since 2003 when they got banned by the United Nations Commission on Human Rights for being righteously indignant and upsetting some of the hypocrites on the commission. I admire their work, which I think they pull off with admirable Gallic flair.
The raw data for the above map appears to be taken from the Press Freedom Index which RSF have been publishing yearly, since 2002 (2010 pdf version). The RSF methodology is published at the bottom of this page and seems sound to my untrained eye.
The RSF survey comprises 43 questions that seek to define the freedom of the press, or lack of it, for each surveyed country. Of these 43 questions just 4 deal with the internet.
Internet and New Media
  1. Do the authorities control Internet service providers directly or indirectly? During this period, was there or were there (Yes/No):
  2. Cases of access to websites being blocked by filtering mechanisms or being closed down by the authorities? Evaluate the level of this censorship on a scale of 0 (no censorship) to 5 (total censorship).
  3. Cases of cyber-dissidents or bloggers being detained for more than a day? How many?
  4. Cases of independent websites being the target of cyber-attack or counter-information campaigns?
I can’t find the ONI methodology on their website but the map appears to be based on the answers to question 41 from the RSF survey. Even if it is based on some weighted blend of the 4 RSF internet related questions it is pretty thin evidence – Especially when you consider what is left out. Below is a map, from Vis4.net showing internet usage as a percentage of total population. Most of the countries with “no censorship” on the ONI map have very low internet penetration. None of the countries in Africa, with “no censorship”, have an internet penetration higher than 10% . I think there is an obvious lesson here. It’s not worth censoring the message if no one is listening. Unless of course you are deeply paranoid.
Global Internet penetration. Internet users per country as a percentage of total population.
Ultimately the RSF survey (see map below) seems to present a far more nuanced, informative, and meaningful account. Freedom of expression is about far more than internet “censorship”. It’s not just what you can read on the internet that is important, but what you can say in any public forum , and how many people you can say it to without fear of reprisal. Its about the many ways legitimate public discourse can be controlled or intimidated. Most of the countries that RSF classifies as having a “good” or “satisfactory” situation, with respect to freedom of the press, allow some censorship of the internet. As Mr Sniderman points out this is mostly blocking of child pornography and illegal file sharing, and most people would not consider this censorship.
The RSF Press Freedom Map for 2011
I think the real concern is with countries whose populations have started to adopted the internet and have passed a kind of tipping point, where most people know someone who has access to the internet, my guess would be 15% to 30% penetration. Countries with this level of internet penetration, that are classified by RSF as having a “difficult” or “very serious” situation with respect to freedom of the press, seem ripe for strife. This volatile mixture of oppression and freedom exists today in; China, Columbia, Iran, Egypt, Mexico, Sudan, Burma and Vietnam, among others.




Joseph F Barber,is a freelance writer and editor of the blog FREEDOM OR ANARCHY,Campaign of Conscience.it is my message to we the people and the citizens of our world to stand free and your ground feed another if you can ,I tell you this as it come from with in my soul There comes a point when a man must refuse to answer to his leader if he is also to answer to his own conscience. 


Pro Deo et Constitutione – 
Libertas aut Mors Semper Vigilans Fortis 
Paratus et Fidelis 

Joseph F Barber

Defining “Censorship.” 


Zachary Sniderman on Mashable published an interesting article titled, Just How Open Is Your Internet?. I thought the featured map looked a little bit fishy – Mongolia has less internet censorship than Sweden? Really? What does that mean? It seemed to me that there might be something missing from the account. To his credit Mr Sniderman does note
…it raises some inherent problems with defining “censorship.” For example, screening out child pornography and illegal file sharing technically registers as “censorship” even though most people wouldn’t consider that a human rights offense.
Even accounting for his concerns it still looked a bit odd to me.
ONI Who is censoring the internet
So I looked up the source of the data. The map is based on an analysis published by the Open Net Initiative and is based on data from a Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF) survey. I’ve been following RSF since 2003 when they got banned by the United Nations Commission on Human Rights for being righteously indignant and upsetting some of the hypocrites on the commission. I admire their work, which I think they pull off with admirable Gallic flair.
The raw data for the above map appears to be taken from the Press Freedom Index which RSF have been publishing yearly, since 2002 (2010 pdf version). The RSF methodology is published at the bottom of this page and seems sound to my untrained eye.
The RSF survey comprises 43 questions that seek to define the freedom of the press, or lack of it, for each surveyed country. Of these 43 questions just 4 deal with the internet.
Internet and New Media
  1. Do the authorities control Internet service providers directly or indirectly? During this period, was there or were there (Yes/No):
  2. Cases of access to websites being blocked by filtering mechanisms or being closed down by the authorities? Evaluate the level of this censorship on a scale of 0 (no censorship) to 5 (total censorship).
  3. Cases of cyber-dissidents or bloggers being detained for more than a day? How many?
  4. Cases of independent websites being the target of cyber-attack or counter-information campaigns?
I can’t find the ONI methodology on their website but the map appears to be based on the answers to question 41 from the RSF survey. Even if it is based on some weighted blend of the 4 RSF internet related questions it is pretty thin evidence – Especially when you consider what is left out. Below is a map, from Vis4.net showing internet usage as a percentage of total population. Most of the countries with “no censorship” on the ONI map have very low internet penetration. None of the countries in Africa, with “no censorship”, have an internet penetration higher than 10% . I think there is an obvious lesson here. It’s not worth censoring the message if no one is listening. Unless of course you are deeply paranoid.
Global Internet penetration. Internet users per country as a percentage of total population.
Ultimately the RSF survey (see map below) seems to present a far more nuanced, informative, and meaningful account. Freedom of expression is about far more than internet “censorship”. It’s not just what you can read on the internet that is important, but what you can say in any public forum , and how many people you can say it to without fear of reprisal. Its about the many ways legitimate public discourse can be controlled or intimidated. Most of the countries that RSF classifies as having a “good” or “satisfactory” situation, with respect to freedom of the press, allow some censorship of the internet. As Mr Sniderman points out this is mostly blocking of child pornography and illegal file sharing, and most people would not consider this censorship.
The RSF Press Freedom Map for 2011
I think the real concern is with countries whose populations have started to adopted the internet and have passed a kind of tipping point, where most people know someone who has access to the internet, my guess would be 15% to 30% penetration. Countries with this level of internet penetration, that are classified by RSF as having a “difficult” or “very serious” situation with respect to freedom of the press, seem ripe for strife. This volatile mixture of oppression and freedom exists today in; China, Columbia, Iran, Egypt, Mexico, Sudan, Burma and Vietnam, among others.




Joseph F Barber,is a freelance writer and editor of the blog FREEDOM OR ANARCHY,Campaign of Conscience.it is my message to we the people and the citizens of our world to stand free and your ground feed another if you can ,I tell you this as it come from with in my soul There comes a point when a man must refuse to answer to his leader if he is also to answer to his own conscience. 


Pro Deo et Constitutione – 
Libertas aut Mors Semper Vigilans Fortis 
Paratus et Fidelis 

Joseph F Barber